Protect Your Health by Checking for Periodontal Disease
The experienced dentists and hygienists at Maple Dental Office and Mapleview Dental Centre are skilled in detecting and treating periodontal disease in order to maintain your optimal oral health. Periodontal disease is systemic and affects your entire body health. As is the case with many ailments, early detection of periodontal disease is critical and will prevent future problems.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is caused by the bacterial infection associated with plaque and damages the gums, ligaments and bone structure that supports your teeth. Most plaque is cleaned off through regular brushing and flossing. If it isn’t cleaned off, plaque hardens into tartar, which must be removed professionally by scaling the teeth.
When tartar is left on your teeth, it can cause infections that accumulate along your gum line. If not treated, the infection will loosen the grip your gums have on your teeth and cause pockets to form. These pockets create more infections and additional problems including receding gum tissue, pain, loosened and damaged teeth, constant breath issues and eventually tooth loss.
Some of the common gum problems are:
The infection caused by tartar leads to gingivitis, the early stage of periodontal disease. This condition is extremely common and usually associated with mild gum irritation, minor bleeding during brushing and flossing and occasional bad breath. Bacteria from plaque that gets under the gum line causes gingivitis, which is treatable with regular brushing and routine dental visits.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can spread to the surrounding support structure and eventually cause periodontal disease. As periodontitis advances, the pockets between your teeth and gums deepen, allowing the infection to get worse and the damage to increase. If left untreated, tooth loss may occur. Periodontitis occurs as the pocket deepens. The gum will separate further from the tooth, often causing it to be noticeably receded and tender. If allowed to advance, the bone destruction will continue and the tooth will loosen to the point of falling out or requiring extraction.